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Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar)

Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar happens when your brain and body are not getting enough sugar.

Why does someone have hypoglycemia?

People who have low blood sugar levels usually have diabetes (abnormal blood sugar levels). Their blood sugar becomes low when they have a mismatch of medicine, food and/or exercise. People who do not have diabetes do not usually have low blood sugar, unless they are fasting or have another disease affecting normal blood sugar levels.


The early signs of having a low blood sugar

  • Shaking, sweating, rapid heat beat

  • Change in vision

  • Hunger

  • Headache

  • Sudden moodiness

The late signs of having a low blood sugar

  • Change in behavior

  • Unable to pay attention, feeling confused

  • Unable to focus, move or speaking normally

  • Seizures

  • Fainting or unconsciousness, like being in a deep sleep with snoring.

What causes Hypoglycemia?

  • To high a dose of medication

  • Delayed meals or eating too late

  • Unbalanced exercise and eating

  • Alcohol

What to do and not to do to prevent low blood sugar

If possible check your blood sugar using your home device. If you cannot check your blood sugar do not wait to have it checked, eat a small amount of something sweet

Do’s Do not’s
Eat or drink small amount of something sweet like a tablespoon of sugar or honey Ignore the warning signs especially if you have a chance of getting low blood sugar
Rest and recheck your blood sugar after 15 minutes if you are diabetic When you feel your sugar is low do not eat food that is fatty but tastes sweet
Keep Glucagon with you always and eat frequent small meals Drive, wait until you feel your sugar levels are normal or you feel better
Drink orange or apple juice Exercise if you are sick and/or not eating well